Map of Mexico Mexico

Total REDD+ Finance Committed:

$450,983,335

Total REDD+ Finance Disbursed:

$22,287,825

Mexico is home to 64.8 million hectares of forest, which covers approximately one-third of the country’s total land area. Though the Mexico’s overall deforestation rate is low, forest degradation remains high within rural states, where forests are susceptible to land conversion due to agricultural expansion. Additional drivers of deforestation include mining, tourism, and urbanization.

In 2010, the Mexican government presented its Vision for REDD+ (Visión de México sobre REDD+: Hacia una Estrategia Nacional) at the 16th Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC (COP16) in Cancun. The country then went on to develop its National REDD+ Strategy (ENAREDD+), which underwent consultation and review processes 2014, with implementation set to begin in 2015.

Overview: REDD+ finance flowing to Mexico

Mexico’s REDD+ financing landscape is set out below:

Flows of REDD+ finance between donors and recipients, 2009-2014

 
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Flows of REDD+ finance between donors and recipients, 2009-2013

Cumulative commitments and disbursements, 2009-2014

 
   
  • Flows of REDD+ finance between donors and recipients, 2009-2014

    Chart Description

    Multilateral Institutions account for approximately two-thirds, or 66% of the total amount of REDD+ funding committed to Mexico. Nearly the entire amount (US$ 417 million) was allocated to the Government of Mexico, which is expected to co-finance much of this funding. A small partition (6.2 million) was also given to national NGOs, such as FINDEC, RED MOCAF, and FMCN.

    Financial flows from donor government agencies represent around US$208.9 million, or the remaining 33% of the total REDD+ finance committed in Mexico. The United State Development Agency (USAID) and Norway allocated these funds to a diverse group of recipients, including CONAFOR, Mexican NGOs , and multilateral implementing agents.

    Private Foundations and International NGOs, and the Mexican Government (via CONAFOR) committed approximately US$7.9 million to international and local NGOs and sub-national jurisdictions for the implementation of REDD+ activities in-country.

    (In general, International NGOs tend to be recipients of REDD+ funding rather than donors. However, in some instances, international NGOs mobilize funding through direct public donations which are spent on activities. International NGOs and academia are also listed as donors when finance cannot be tracked back to another donor organization.)

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  • Flows of REDD+ finance between donors and recipients, 2009-2013

     

    Chart Description

    An overview of the REDD+ financing landscape in Mexico shows that multilateral institutions are primary contributors, with a vast majority of these funds going directly to Mexico’s National Forestry Commission, CONAFOR. A majority of CONAFOR’s has been sent on to second tier recipients including communities and ejidos via national subsidies.

    Large bilateral commitments have also come from international donor governments, with AECID and Norway contributing large amounts. AECID passed this funding on to CONAFOR and local NGO, RITA. While, Norway channeled its funding to the multilateral implementing agent, UNDP, which provided funds to various 2nd tier recipients.

    Private foundations provided smaller contributions, which were primarily channeled to local NGOs.

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  • Cumulative commitments and disbursements, 2009-2014

    Chart Description

    Mexico witnessed minimal commitments during the first years of the Fast Start Period (2009 to 2011), receiving only US$12 million in cumulative commitments by 2011. Commitments then increased exponentially in 2012, reaching a total of US$451 million by the end of 2014. Disbursements varied throughout the period, with the Mexican Government actually disbursing more than was committed in 2009. Current disbursement levels appear relatively low as in both 2012 and 2013, due to several large multi-year commitments under the FIP and FCFPF.

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