Map of PNG PNG

Total REDD+ Finance Committed:

$45,312,415

Total REDD+ Finance Disbursed:

$25,175,066

The island of New Guinea, divided between Indonesia and Papua New Guinea (PNG), contains the third largest tract of tropical rainforest on the planet, smaller only than the Amazon and Congo Basins. Papua New Guinea’s forests cover 28-30 million hectares, or approximately 65% of the country’s total surface area. The country’s current national deforestation rate is estimated to be around 1.5%. This combination of extensive but threatened forests makes PNG a high international priority country for forest conservation and REDD+ development activities.

Papua New Guinea was among the earliest global advocates for REDD+, having joined with Costa Rica at the 11th Conference of the Parties (COP11) in proposing the concept of a REDD+ mechanism for inclusion within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Government of PNG committed in 2010 to reduce its GHG emissions by 30% by 2030, and intends to achieve these reductions primarily from changes in land use and forest management. PNG has made significant progress in national level REDD+ policy development, proceeding in 2011 beyond the development phase to the implementation phase of the UN-REDD Programme.

REDD+ Activities

Finance has supported the following REDD+ activities in PNG:

REDD+ activities supported by various donor types

 

Number of donor initiatives supporting various REDD+ activities

 
   
  • REDD+ activities supported by various donor types

    Chart Description

    As this chart shows, donors funding REDD+ in PNG are supporting a wide array of REDD-related activities. Funding from donor governments, multilaterals, and the PNG government is supporting the greatest breadth of REDD+ activities, while funding from the European Commission (supranational institution) and the Rainforest Foundation Norway (international NGO) is supporting a more narrow range of activities.

    Each of the six donor types supported institutional strengthening and stakeholder engagement, while five of the donor types supported MRV & reference levels, rights & tenure, and policy and law analysis & development.

    In contrast, none of the donors supported carbon offset development, and only three of the six donor types supported forest carbon project design.

    The list of REDD+ activities and definitions was drawn from broad agreement among REDD+ experts, including the civil society national partners collecting data across the thirteen initiative countries.

    Stakeholder engagement: Funding aimed at improving participation of non-governmental stakeholders through the design, implementation, and/or monitoring phases of REDD+, and/or funding that promotes media outreach.

    Rights and tenure: Funding directed at addressing issues of rights and tenure – including clarifying land, property and carbon rights.

    MRV and reference levels: Funding aimed at improving the monitoring, reporting and/or verification of REDD+, including changes in forest cover, forest degradation, biodiversity, or social and governance levels. Funding to define or implement reference levels to measure emissions, co-benefits and governance in country.

    Safeguards: Funding aimed at identifying barriers to forest conservation and enabling social and environmental benefits.

    Policy and law analysis & development, REDD strategy development & advocacy: Funding aimed at promoting research, advocacy and outreach to policymakers.

    Institutional strengthening: Funding aimed at developing in-country public institutions, ministries, staffing capacity and resources for REDD+.

    Forest carbon project design: Funding aimed at developing project design documents (PDDs) and validation activities. This includes credited projects that go to the market and those that want REDD+ payments.

    Improved forest and land management to reduce deforestation and degradation (implementation): Funding supporting protected areas, sustainable forest management, and reforestation management activities – including enforcement and compliance.

    Carbon offsets and performance-based payments for improved forest and land management: Funding aimed at carbon offsets, direct payments, actual benefits sharing, and actual payments such as incentive and performance-based payments.

    Other: Funding aimed at REDD+ activities that do not fall within the broad categories listed. For example, funding that is listed as technical support.

    Relevant Frequently Asked Questions

  • Number of donor initiatives supporting various REDD+ activities

    Chart Description

    This chart shows the number of donor initiatives that are at least partially supporting various REDD+ activities in PNG. Of the twenty total donor initiatives tracked by REDDX, nearly all have engaged non-governmental stakeholders to some degree, and sixteen have worked to strengthen government and other public institutions.

    Although thirteen of the twenty initiatives addressed issues relating to MRV and reference emissions levels, this metric somewhat underestimates the attention that donors supporting REDD+ in PNG have paid to this activity. Indeed, the three largest donor initiatives in PNG (collectively worth US$30.9 million, or 68% of all funding) have all focused primarily or exclusively on MRV and reference level activities.

    Only a quarter of the donor initiatives worked to design forest carbon projects capable of eventually receiving REDD+ payments, and none of the initiatives allocated funding for carbon offsets or performance-based payments for improved forest and land management. These findings confirm that the vast majority of REDD+ funding to PNG to date has focused on Phase I Readiness activities, while little has gone to support Phase II Implementation, and nothing has been allocated to support Phase III Results-Based Payments.

    Stakeholder engagement: Funding aimed at improving participation of non-governmental stakeholders through the design, implementation, and/or monitoring phases of REDD+, and/or funding that promotes media outreach.

    Rights and tenure: Funding directed at addressing issues of rights and tenure – including clarifying land, property and carbon rights.

    MRV and reference levels: Funding aimed at improving the monitoring, reporting and/or verification of REDD+, including changes in forest cover, forest degradation, biodiversity, or social and governance levels. Funding to define or implement reference levels to measure emissions, co-benefits and governance in country.

    Safeguards: Funding aimed at identifying barriers to forest conservation and enabling social and environmental benefits.

    Policy and law analysis & development, REDD strategy development & advocacy: Funding aimed at promoting research, advocacy and outreach to policymakers.

    Institutional strengthening: Funding aimed at developing in-country public institutions, ministries, staffing capacity and resources for REDD+.

    Forest carbon project design: Funding aimed at developing project design documents (PDDs) and validation activities. This includes credited projects that go to the market and those that want REDD+ payments.

    Improved forest and land management to reduce deforestation and degradation (implementation): Funding supporting protected areas, sustainable forest management, and reforestation management activities – including enforcement and compliance.

    Carbon offsets and performance-based payments for improved forest and land management: Funding aimed at carbon offsets, direct payments, actual benefits sharing, and actual payments such as incentive and performance-based payments.

    Other: Funding aimed at REDD+ activities that do not fall within the broad categories listed. For example, funding that is listed as technical support.

    Relevant Frequently Asked Questions